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Why do people with Diabetes need to exercise?
People with poor fitness and increased body fat have an increased risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. Increased physical activity can reduce the incidence of Type 2 Diabetes by almost 60% in people at risk. Exercise will lead to improved control of blood glucose and often mean people can reduce their Diabetes medication

For people with Type 1 Diabetes, regular exercise:

  • Improves how insulin works in the body
  • Decreases the dose of insulin required
  • Reduces the risk of developing depression symptoms.

For people with Type 2 Diabetes, regular exercise:

  • Can help prevent Type 2 Diabetes
  • Improves control of blood glucose
  • Decreases body fat
  • Increases heart and lung fitness

East Gosford Diabetes Kick Start Program
East Gosford Exercise Physiology offer a specialised exercise program delivered by highly trained Exercise Physiologists for anyone who has diabetes (especially Type 2) and wants to reduce the impact of diabetes in their life by reducing symptoms and addressing changes that can reverse your Diabetes. Click here to learn more about the East Gosford Diabetes Kick Start program.

Exercise To Treat Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2
Type 1 Diabetes is a disease in which the insulin producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed by the body’s own immune system, leading to insulin deficiency¹. Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic disease defined by insulin resistance (the body’s cells do not properly respond to insulin) and impaired secretion of insulin by the pancreas. This leads to increased blood glucose (sugar) levels. Insulin is a hormone that lowers blood glucose (sugar). Without insulin hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels) occurs. Many complications can occur if glucose levels in the blood are not controlled, including cardiac problems, nerve damage, eye, kidney, and muscle problems.

If you already have Type 2 Diabetes and regularly exercise, you can reduce your symptoms by about 12%. Exercise should involve aerobic (heart lung fitness) and resistance training (weights). The type, intensity, duration and frequency of exercise should be carefully planned.

The Exercise Physiologists at East Gosford Exercise Physiology can help with the correct exercise prescription for you. Contact us today to get started on your new exercise program. Contact us today to get started on your new exercise program .

If you have Type 2 Diabetes you can receive a Medicare rebate for group based exercise and education.

Contact us for more details about this program, or talk to your GP.


  1. Daneman D. Type 1 Diabetes. Lancet, 2006; 367 (9513): 847-58.
  2. Marwick TH et al. Exercise Training For Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Impact on cardiovascular risk: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2009: 119 (25) 3244-62.
  3. Knowler WC et al. Reduction in the incidence of Type 2 Diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin N.Engl J Med 2002, 346 (6): 393-403.
  4. Boule NG et al. Meta analysis of the effect of structured exercise training on cardio respiratory fitness in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Diabelolgia 2003; 46(8): 1071 – 81.
  5. Dunston DW et al. Effects of a short term circuit weight training on glycaemic control in NIDDM. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 1998; 40(1): 53-61
  6. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Information Page. Exercise is Medicine Australia May 2011, Full Version


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